Monday, May 25, 2020

Electron Configuration Chart

The electron configuration  of an atom of any element is the of electrons per  sublevel of the energy levels of an atom in its ground state.  This handy chart compiles the electron configurations of the elements up through number 104. How to Determine Electron Configuration To arrive at the electron configurations of atoms, you must know the order in which the different sublevels are filled. Electrons enter available sublevels in order of their increasing energy. A sublevel is filled or half-filled before the next sublevel is entered. For example, the  s  sublevel can only hold two electrons, so the 1s  is filled at helium (1s2). The  p  sublevel can hold six electrons, the  d  sublevel can hold 10 electrons, and the  f  sublevel can hold 14 electrons. The common shorthand notation is to refer to the noble gas core, rather than write out the entire configuration. For example, the configuration of magnesium could be written [Ne]3s2, rather than writing out 1s22s22p63s2. Electron Configuration Chart No. Element K L M N O P Q 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 s s p s p d s p d f s p d f s p d f s 1 H 1 2 He 2 3 Li 2 1 4 Be 2 2 5 B 2 2 1 6 C 2 2 2 7 N 2 2 3 8 O 2 2 4 9 F 2 2 5 10 Ne 2 2 6 11 Na 2 2 6 1 12 Mg 2 2 6 2 13 Al 2 2 6 2 1 14 Si 2 2 6 2 2 15 P 2 2 6 2 3 16 S 2 2 6 2 4 17 Cl 2 2 6 2 5 18 Ar 2 2 6 2 6 19 K 2 2 6 2 6 - 1 20 Ca 2 2 6 2 6 - 2 21 Sc 2 2 6 2 6 1 2 22 Ti 2 2 6 2 6 2 2 23 V 2 2 6 2 6 3 2 24 Cr 2 2 6 2 6 5* 1 25 Mn 2 2 6 2 6 5 2 26 Fe 2 2 6 2 6 6 2 27 Co 2 2 6 2 6 7 2 28 Ni 2 2 6 2 6 8 2 29 Cu 2 2 6 2 6 10 1* 30 Zn 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 31 Ga 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 1 32 Ge 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 2 33 As 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 3 34 Se 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 4 35 Br 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 5 36 Kr 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 37 Rb 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 - 1 38 Sr 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 - 2 39 Y 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 1 2 40 Zr 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 2 2 41 Nb 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 4* 1 42 Mo 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 5 1 43 Tc 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 6 1 44 Ru 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 7 1 45 Rh 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 8 1 46 Pd 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 0* 47 Ag 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 1 48 Cd 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 2 49 In 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 2 1 50 Sn 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 2 2 51 Sb 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 2 3 52 Te 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 2 4 53 I 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 2 5 54 Xe 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 2 6 55 Cs 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 2 6 - - 1 56 Ba 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 2 6 - - 2 57 La 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 - 2 6 1 - 2 58 Ce 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 2* 2 6 - - 2 59 Pr 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 3 2 6 - - 2 60 Nd 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 4 2 6 - - 2 61 Pm 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 5 2 6 - - 2 62 Sm 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 6 2 6 - - 2 63 Eu 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 7 2 6 - - 2 64 Gd 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 7 2 6 1 - 2 65 Tb 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 9* 2 6 - - 2 66 Dy 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 10 2 6 - - 2 67 Ho 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 11 2 6 - - 2 68 Er 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 12 2 6 - - 2 69 Tm 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 13 2 6 - - 2 70 Yb 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 - - 2 71 Lu 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 1 - 2 72 Hf 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 2 - 2 73 Ta 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 3 - 2 74 W 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 4 - 2 75 Re 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 5 - 2 76 Os 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 6 - 2 77 Ir 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 7 - 2 78 Pt 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 9 - 1 79 Au 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 - 1 80 Hg 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 - 2 81 Tl 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 - 2 1 - - 82 Pb 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 - 2 2 - - 83 Bi 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 - 2 3 - - 84 Po 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 - 2 4 - - 85 At 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 - 2 5 - - 86 Rn 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 - 2 6 - - 87 Fr 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 - 2 6 - - 1 88 Ra 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 - 2 6 - - 2 89 Ac 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 - 2 6 1 - 2 90 Th 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 - 2 6 2 - 2 91 Pa 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 2* 2 6 1 - 2 92 U 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 3 2 6 1 - 2 93 Np 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 4 2 6 1 - 2 94 Pu 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 6 2 6 - - 2 95 Am 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 7 2 6 - - 2 96 Cm 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 7 2 6 1 - 2 97 Bk 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 9* 2 6 - - 2 98 Cf 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 10 2 6 - - 2 99 Es 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 11 2 6 - - 2 100 Fm 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 12 2 6 - - 2 101 Md 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 13 2 6 - - 2 102 No 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 14 2 6 - - 2 103 Lr 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 14 2 6 1 - 2 104 Rf 2 2 6 2 6 10 2 6 10 14 2 6 10 14 2 6 2 - 2 * note the irregularity You may also view the electron configurations of the elements on a printable periodic table  if desired.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Influence Of Organizational Behavior On Accounting...

Article #2 Abstract. The article reviewed was The Influence of Roles and Organizational Fit on Accounting Professionals’ Perceptions of their Firms’ Ethical Environment. The key of the abstract is to emphasize the influence of organizational behavior on accounting professionals and their ethical behavior (p. 125). Introduction. The authors study reasons of potential discrepancies between leaders and non-leaders of accounting firms. The firm’s ethical norms directly influence the behavior of its members. The researchers state that it is important to identify and understand the factors that affect ethical norms in the organization (p. 125). The firm’s leaders should play a meaningful role in building and supporting the ethical environment. The main objective of research is to analyze motives of perceptions’ inconsistencies in of the ethical setting between the management, partners, and other accounting professionals of the firm. The study is important through its investigations of influential factors of ethical standards on perceptions of accounting firm’s members, and in reducing the gap between partners and non-leaders of the CPA firm. The authors consider two problems of the study: greater ownership interest promotes the decision leadership in the company, and lack of non-leaders participation in modeling the firm ethical environment (p. 126). Literature Review. The authors use a systematic review of literature in the research. The researchers examine the study of VictorShow MoreRelatedRole Of Corporate Ethics On Financial Performance945 Words   |  4 PagesStudy of Financial Professionals and Implications for the Financial Meltdown. The key of the abstract is to demonstrate the influence of corporate ethics on financial performance. The financial meltdown negatively influenced top management mindset regarding professional ethics (p. 15). Introduction. The authors study 2008 collapse of financial system to analyze the link between organizational values, social responsibility, and financial performance. Accounting and legal professionals argue that theRead MoreThe Ethical Framework Of Accounting897 Words   |  4 PagesBusinesses, investors, creditors rely on accounting ethics. The accounting profession requires honesty, consistency with industry standards, and compliance with laws and regulations. The ethics increase the responsibility and integrity of accounting professionals, and public trust. The ethical requirements influence the management behavior and decision-making. The financial scandal of Enron and Arthur Anderson demonstrates the failure of fundamental ethical framework, such as off-balance sheet transactionsRead MoreEssay Business Ethics in Accounting1034 Words   |  5 Pagesinappropriate decision making and judgments by the professionals. The aim of this paper is to review two academic articles and con clude on the reliability of the claims and assertions made by the authors. The research paper of Pflugrath, Martinov-Bennie Chen (2007) aims to analyze the impact of organizational codes of ethics on the accountants’ and auditors’ judgments and professional decisions making skills. The research is conducted on a sample of 112 professional accountants and auditing students and resultedRead MoreEthics Code Of Professional Ethics980 Words   |  4 Pagesarticle reviewed was Possible Ethical Issues and Their Impact on The Firm: Perceptions Held by Public Accountants. The abstract demonstrates the importance of AICPA’ â€Å"Code of Professional Ethics† and its components, and the influence of management perceptions on firms’ ethical environment (p. 919). Introduction. The authors study business ethics, compliance with ethics code, ethical issues, and ethical behavior of company management. 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The challenge is evident and if the alteration of the financial statement to suit the demands of the customers. In the case Helen changes the document then she will have gone against accounting ethical codes. If she fails to adjust the financialRead MoreEthical Ethics And Ethical Leadership1275 Words   |  6 Pages Ethical. Corporate scandals and ethical issues have increased the awareness, attention, and need of ethical leadership in business. Unique from other leadership types, ethical leadership is an overt leadership attempt to influence followers’ ethical conduct by emphasizing moral management. Ethical leaders play a critical role in promoting and perpetuating a social exchange and culture of honesty, accountability, unbiased treatment, consideration, and respect across an o rganization. Wang andRead MoreThe Ethics And Organizational Communications1448 Words   |  6 Pages The study of Ethics and organizational communications has been an ongoing subject. It has been introduced as a way to be a more effective communicator, especially pertaining to an organization. It is a practical way to improve morale between an employer to his employee as well as a client to an organization. Resolution of ethical behaviors and practices are essential to any organization. The following study of Ethics and organizational communications has been studied and explored by other scholarsRead MoreThe Role and Responsibility of Company Leadership in Shaping Organizational Culture1712 Words   |  7 Pagesby the employees’ shared values, beliefs, symbols, and behaviors. The organizational culture ideally influences its decisions and actions (Tharp, n. d). (Watkins, 2013) also defines organizational culture as a consistent and observable pattern of behavior in organizations. An organization’s culture channelizes individual decisions and actions at a subconscious level, and thus, can have a potent effect on an organization’s success. Organizational cultures facilitate the existence of a common groundRead More Cultural Values and Personal Ethics Paper1361 Words   |  6 PagesCultural Values and Personal Ethics Paper Personal, organizational, and cultural values are the basis of an individuals personal and professional decision-making style. These values are the key ingredients that make up our core beliefs. Values are ideas that are actions which could be right or wrong, good or bad that are the basis of human action (Tosi 2000). Personal values might also be called morality, since they reflect general expectations of any person in any society, acting in any capacity

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Adolf Hitler As Modern History s Ultimate Monster

When referring to Adolf Hitler, one’s mind undoubtedly ventures to his leadership of the Nazi Party during World War II and his execution of the Holocaust against Europe’s Jewish population. He is, without doubt, one of the most powerful and evil leaders of the twentieth century. Through investigating his background, his rise to power, the details of his political party, and the events for which he was responsible, one is able to conclude that Adolf Hitler can be viewed as modern history’s ultimate monster. A crucial element to fully understanding Adolf Hitler is to understand his early life through examining his family, education, and aspirations. Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889, which happened to be Easter Sunday. He was born in Braunau, a small town in Austria along the Inn River, a border that divided the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the German Empire. As a child, Hitler faced a turbulent home life, much of which can be contributed to the behaviors of his father. Alois Hitler, Adolf’s father, was a womanizer who had a long history of sexual relations and illegitimate children. Born illegitimately himself, by the time Alois met Karla Pà ¶lzl, the mother of Adolf Hitler, he already had three illegitimate children and several sexual partners, including two wives. Alois Hitler was not only a womanizer, but he was also incredibly violent. Adolf’s older brother, Alois Jr., fled his household when he was fourteen as a result of the violence of his father. According toShow MoreRelatedThe Nazi Regime Of The Weimar Republic And The Creation Of A Terror State2236 Words   |  9 PagesOn 30th January 1933, through ruthless determination, Adolf Hitler became Germany s 24th Chancellor, bringing the totalitarian Nazi party into power and creating a fascist Nazi State. Ultimately this led to the collapse of the Weimar Republic and the creation of a terror state, in which the German society was forced to conform to the regime due to the excessive use of violence, fear, and intimidation. The Nazi regime created various economic benefits, which served to disguise the detrimental effectsRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 PagesBrier, and Roy Rosenzweig Also in this series: Paula Hamilton and Linda Shopes, eds., Oral History and Public Memories Tiffany Ruby Patterson, Zora Neale Hurston and a History of Southern Life Lisa M. Fine, The Story of Reo Joe: Work, Kin, and Community in Autotown, U.S.A. Van Gosse and Richard Moser, eds., The World the Sixties Made: Politics and Culture in Recent America Joanne Meyerowitz, ed., History and September 11th John McMillian and Paul Buhle, eds., The New Left Revisited David M

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Future Generation Computer Systems †Free Samples to Students

Question: Discuss about the Future Generation Computer Systems. Answer: Introduction: The researchers evaluated the kind of security risks for computers and the factors that determine the probability that the computer security could be compromised; the authors aimed at understanding the factors that determine the probability that a computer node within the network is compromised (1). The authors, being professionals in various institutions of higher learning and research, undertake a a primary research approach using a case study to identify and validate different types of threats in a typical university IT network (2). The researchers established that the probability a computer node within a network is comprised is largely dependent on the set of reachable services that are running on the host (computer). The authors found that several attacks take advantage of specific network services vulnerabilities to bypass authentication requirements and gain access to the system. Further, it was established that some malware can scan for services autonomously to identify possi ble targets or open ports actively after infecting a network. (3). The proposed novel approach to identify and then quantify individual computers susceptibility to cyber threats with respect to the network services being run on these computers can help organizations map their threats and manage risks (4). The main drawback of the research is that by being a case study, it cannot be easily replicated and so the findings may not be universally applicable (5) The research reviews and classifies the security threats for information systems, premised on the fact that as more organizations use data and information in information systems, there are significant threats to these systems (1). The authors are eminent professionals in their various ICT fields, including software engineering, network engineering, and security and are senior members of faculty in various institutions of higher learning (2). Using analytical methods; the authors sought to develop a new model of classifying identified security threats broadly into internal and external threats. The classification is based on the threat sources and their impacts (3). The authors develop a new model that classifies most information security system threats as either internal or external, which can be human, environmental, and technological threats. The threats can either be malicious or non-malicious (4). The drawback is that it reviews existing literature, despite developing a new model and does not provide effective solutions (5) In this paper, the authors take cognizance of the increased use of cloud computing; being a relatively new technology, it has some inherent risks that the authors investigate (1). The authors are professionals that are highly regarded in their various ICT fields, and are senior lecturers of higher education institutions (2). Using a descriptive analysis based on information systems and software engineering design, the paper identifies and evaluates some of the security threats in cloud computing environments and proposes solutions (3). The paper proposes the use of a trusted third party to assure security within the cloud environment, employing a public key infrastructure, as well as LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) and SSO (SINGLE Sign On) (4). The limitations of the study is that it is analytical and descriptive, and does not use primary or experimental methods to evaluate cloud security risks before developing solutions The use of mobile devices and networks is increasing, especially with the envisaged introduction of 5G networks, however there will be increased network security threats (1). The authors are well regarded and highly published and referenced professionals in their respective ICT fields, as well as contributors to ICT research and training (2). Using a comprehensive literature and research survey or recent works, the authors evaluate mobile SDN networks and their network security threats (3). The authors establish promising aspects that will ensure networks are better secured, using SDN in mobile networks, such as network hardening. Various SDN architectures are discussed (4). The research is exhaustive, but reviews past research rather than undertaking new progressive (primary) research The research focuses on the cloud and its security challenges and their solutions, considering the increased trend of more people using cloud platforms for computing (1). The authors are well regarded professionals with great expertise and understanding of their fields, including cloud security; they are also extensively published (2). Using an in depth literature survey, the authors evaluate some of the challenges of cloud platforms security (3). The authors establish that migrating ICT resources to third parties create and multiply security threats such as data loss and unauthorized access with proposed solutions being stronger authentication management, multiple cloud backups, and strong access APIs (4). The research limitation is in using surveys is that the authors are mainly re-writing research that has been done and not undertaking any new ground-breaking research. References: Gil, S., Kott, A., Barabsi, A.-L. (May 16, 2015). A genetic epidemiology approach to cyber-security. Scientific Reports, 4, 1.) Jouini, M., Rabai, L. B. A., Aissa, A. B. (January 01, 2014). Classification of Security Threats in Information Systems. Procedia Computer Science, 32, 489-496. Zissis, D., Lekkas, D. (March 01, 2012). Addressing cloud computing security issues. Future Generation Computer Systems, 28, 3, 583-592. Ali, S. T., Sivaraman, V., Radford, A., Jha, S. (January 01, 2015). A Survey of Securing Networks Using Software Defined Networking. IEEE Transactions on Reliability, 64, 3, 1086-1097. Chen, M., Qian, Y., Mao, S., Tang, W., Yang, X. (October 01, 2016). Software-Defined Mobile Networks Security. Mobile Networks and Applications, 21, 5, 729-743.

Monday, April 6, 2020

Cartesian Dualism

Introduction Cartesian dualism is a philosophical concept that asserts mind and body are different entities in a person but they interact intricately for the proper functioning of a human being. Rene Descartes came up with the philosophical concept after establishing that, both material and immaterial worlds exist in a person. The mind constitutes the immaterial world while the body constitutes the material world and effective interaction of the two results into a rational being.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Cartesian Dualism specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More According to dualism, the mind directs the body’s actions ; actually, Descartes observes that â€Å"sensation and perception involve states of the world affecting states of sense organs, which in turn affect the brain, which causes the mind to be in certain states† (Baker 6). Thus, the interaction of the mind and the body constitutes Cartesia n dualism, which is a landmark in philosophy. This essay examines the constituents of Cartesian Dualism before exploring arguments for and against the same. Dualism Dualism is the interaction of the mind and body as immaterial and material substances respectively. Descartes believes in the existence of both immaterial and material worlds that interact effectively in nature. As an illustration of the existence of immaterial and material substances in nature, Descartes uses human beings to explain the nature of mind and body. Descartes is concerned about â€Å"how the immaterial could interact with the material, and how the ‘extended’ substance of body could house the ‘unextended’ spirit called soul, resolved the problem of the incompatibility of the two entities by his dualism† (Baker 7). Prior to the Cartesian dualism, Greek philosophers held that, the mind and the body are unique and distinct entities that are incompatible. However, through his meth od of systemic doubt, Descartes argues that since his mind can doubt the existence of bodies in nature, it clearly proves that there is a link between the mind and material world. In sixth meditation, Descartes argues that understanding and imaginations emanate from the sensual perception of the material world, hence proves that there is distinction and connection of the mind and body. He holds that â€Å"the two components which constitute man had an independent origin and are of a fundamentally different nature †¦ the body could be divided up by the removal of a leg or an arm, but the soul was indivisible† (Hawthorn 88). The different attributes of the mind and body make the two different entities while their concerted functions make them complementary in defining the nature of human beings. Thus, dualism explains the interaction of the mind and body while acknowledging the fact that they are different entities in human being.Advertising Looking for essay on philo sophy? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In his attempts to define his identity, Descartes realizes that there is complex association of mind and body that enables him to achieve reality on top of understanding his environment. He argues that since he has the capacity to think and doubt his existence, it obviously follows that he exists as a mind trying to comprehend the body. In order to ascertain his existence, Descartes came up with method of systemic doubt where according to Russell, â€Å"whatever he could bring himself to doubt, he would doubt, until he saw reason for not doubting it†¦by applying this method he gradually became convinced that the only existence of which he could be quite certain was his own† (11). Since he was certain of his existence because he had ability to think and doubt, Descartes discovered philosophical concept of dualism in human nature in that, the mind and body are two components that coe xist in a human being. According to Cartesian dualism, the mind and the body interact at the point of pineal body because it is the only gland in the brain that is not duplicate, which connects the body and the brain. Nagel argues that, â€Å"the body is extended matter: the soul is unextended spirit; when, however, the extended is acted upon by the unextended, some definite point of interaction is required and it is to be found in the pineal gland† (8). Descartes believes in mechanistic interaction of the mind and the body bringing about physical movement of the body and dictates the actions that human beings perform. Without the mind or ineffective interaction of the mind and body result into haphazard actions, hence proves that the mechanistic interaction is critical in defining the human nature. Out of all creatures in the universe, human being is a dualistic creature with ability to think and act accordingly unlike animals that act according to their instincts and stimul i of nature. Therefore, the dualistic nature of human beings enables them to coordinate their mind and actions appropriately. Anti-dualism Although Cartesian dualism supports that the mind and the body are different entities, none can exist without the other. The mind and the body are critical and complementary components that constitute human being and therefore, it is quite impossible to separate the two.†Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Cartesian Dualism specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Whether one believes that the mind is a substance or just a bundle of properties, the same challenge arises, which is to explain the nature of the unity of the immaterial mind† (Russell 26). It is practically impossible to combine or separate material substance and immaterial substance in nature. Separation or combination of material and immaterial substances is quite perplexing as they are incompatible. If the min d and the body are separate and independent entities, why should they interact in the human being? They should have separate and distinct entities that do not need to interact for them to sustain their existence. In Cartesian dualism, the mind exists because of the body and the body exists because of the mind. Critics of Cartesian dualism further argue that interaction of the mind and body is not testable in the laboratory; hence, they introduced theological concept asserting that divine power is responsible for the interaction. Baker argues that, â€Å"critics of dualism objected that if soul and body were substances of entirely different natures, interaction between them was in fact impossible† (12). The assumption that the mind and the body interact at the point of pineal gland is a mere coincidence as there are other unduplicated organs in the body or brain. Furthermore, there is no empirical evidence to prove that pineal body is the point that connects the mind and the b ody. The nature of the mind is very complex and mysterious for one to comprehend; it is incomprehensible for immaterial and material substance to interact at pineal gland. The problem of dualism lies in the assumption that the immaterial mind and material body can interact effectively at the point of pineal body. The assumption does not make scientific sense as no one can test immaterial substances in the laboratory because they are incompatible with material substances that human beings can perceive. Critics question therefore remains how can one perceive and measure immaterial substances. For causal relationships between the mind and the body to exist, dualists should demonstrate empirical and convincing experiment that ascertains the relationship. â€Å"It is not clear in what sense such stuff is immaterial, except in the sense that it cannot be integrated into the normal scientific account of the physical world †¦it is just an aberrant kind of physical stuff† (Hawtho rn 93). Therefore, due to lack of empirical evidences and parameters that can measure immaterial substances, many critics of dualism have attributed dualism to the efforts of divine power that control the universe.Advertising Looking for essay on philosophy? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion Critical analysis of opposing arguments of dualism and anti-dualism shows that Descartes wins as he argues that thoughts and doubts concerning certain things in nature are sure proof of their existence. Since critics of dualism doubt the existence of immaterial mind, it definitely follows they doubt reality and existence of immaterial substances. Attributing dualism to influence of divine power by Descartes’ critics is not satisfactory because like immaterial substances, divine forces are not testable in the laboratory. Therefore, Cartesian dualism gives probable explanation of the distinction between human beings and animals. According to Cartesian dualism, human beings are dualistic creatures with the ability to think and act according to their thoughts, hence reaffirming their rational capacity. The critics of Cartesian dualism do have sufficient evidence to disapprove effective interaction between the mind and the body; therefore, Descartes’ argument tha t anything doubted is real for it elicits doubts in the first instance stands. Therefore, anyone who doubts Cartesian dualism doubts reality. Works Cited Baker, Gordon. â€Å"Cartesian Dualism: Mind Brain Interactions.† Philosophical Review  Journal 4.2 (1997): 1-34 Hawthorn, John. â€Å"Cartesian Dualism.† Australian Journal of Philosophy 63.7 (2006): 87-98. Nagel, Thomas. â€Å"Mind and Body Cartesian Dualism.† Philosophy, 2001: 1-11. Russell, Bertrand. Problems of Philosophy. New York: Feedbooks Publisher, 1970. This essay on Cartesian Dualism was written and submitted by user Lucille A. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Foolish Love Essays - Frankie Laine Discography, Startup Cult

Foolish Love Essays - Frankie Laine Discography, Startup Cult Foolish Love Foolish Love Throughout my life I have behaved in many of foolish ways due to the emotion called love. Love is something I used to dream about as a child and have grown to fear as an adult. Every person feels differently about love, but because of David I hurt my parents, my self-esteem and ability to trust people. At the age of fourteen, I was not concerned with my parents feelings. I did exactly the opposite of what they told me to do and did not think about the consequences. When they found out I was dating a guy five years older than me they tried to prohibit me from seeing him again. I was in love so I made it possible to see David every time he wanted to see me. I would get my parents to drop me off somewhere like the movies or putt-putt and he would pick me up after they had left. I would sneak out of my bedroom window and meet David down the road. I did not care if my parents found out, all that mattered to me was seeing David. I blamed everything that went wrong in my life on them. If David did not call me one night, I would accuse them of taking the phone off the hook. If David was rude to me, I would claim it was because he knew they did not like him. I would do anything to ignore the fact that David did not love me. It took a while for my parents to forgive me. I can only imagine what I put them through. I just wanted to be loved by David so deeply, I hurt the people who actually loved me the most. Not only did I hurt my parents, I hurt my self-esteem to. I would constantly criticize myself by thinking the reason David left me was because I was not pretty enough for him. In my mind David was perfect and I was nothing without him. I blamed myself for being so young and immature when all along it was David who was the immature one. He would often make jokes about my age as if it was my fault that I was younger than him. I would lock myself in my bedroom and not see or talk to anybody for days at a time. Eventually, I realized David was not worth all this pain and moved on with my life but the scars will always be with me. For me to learn to trust again has been the hardest issue of all. I had all the trust in the world in David and he let me down. Everything he said to me was a lie. When he said he loved me, I believed him. When he said he would never leave me, I thought he really meant it. I find it difficult to be in other relationships because I am constantly wondering if they are being truthful. I broke up with my last boyfriend because he claimed he loved me and I felt like I barely knew him. I have come to the conclusion that I am scared to trust because I am scared of love. I do not want to get hurt again, so I keep my distance from anything that could cause me pain or disappointment. Love has caused me to hurt my parents, and my self-esteem and ability to trust people. I have heard people say love is the best feeling in the world. I think I will just take their word and not chance it right now. I still have a lot of healing to do before I am fully ready to commit myself to anyone else. Jenny Hobby English 101 12:00-12:50 Foolish Love February 4, 1999

Friday, February 21, 2020

Vocational Rehabilitation has a good effect on job placement for Research Proposal

Vocational Rehabilitation has a good effect on job placement for substance abuse people - Research Proposal Example It has been observed that the total number of vocational institutions currently prevailing in our society are comparatively insufficient as compared to the demand of the economy and the world’s population. Just focusing on enhancing the enrolment in technical institutes is not enough. It is very important to give them the jobs they deserve in order to earn their living. Presently, prevailing vocational centers have now started focusing on enhancing vocational competence of the population and workforce and providing them quality training which matches the needs of the economy and different firms operating in the economy. These vocational institutions provide degree for various subjects including computers, communication, business, art & design and many more. Establishment of these training institutions apart from providing advantages to substance abuse people, has also reduced poverty and street begging to some extent. Throughout the world it is extremely difficult to estimate the total number of street beggars including children, women, disabled people and others. Many of these people engage in other activities like collecting garbage from dumps etc. These people in society deserve some assistance which is being provided by such centers.